Different Types Of Coffee

For most of us when we hear coffee, we only think of it as having one type. What we don’t know is the competition between Latte vs Cappuccino vs Espresso vs Mocha.

In this article, I will help you distinguish their differences.

Origin Of Coffee

An Ethiopian legend tells the story of Kaldi. He discovered coffee after he noticed that his goats became energetic when they ate the berries from a certain tree.

It eventually made its way to the Arabian Peninsula when coffee cultivation and trade began. By the 15th century, coffee was being grown in the Yemeni district of Arabia was known in Persia, Egypt, Syria, and Turkey a century after.

Coffee made its way to Europe in the 17th century. It began to replace the common breakfast drink beverages of the time which are beer and wine. By the mid-17th century, there were over 300 coffee houses in London.

After the Boston Tea Party in 1773, Americans switched to drinking coffee during the American Revolution because during this time, drinking tea was dubbed unpatriotic.

In the latter half of of th 19th century, cultivation of coffee has been taken up by many countries. It eventually also made its way to Asia.

Latte

A Latte is 1/6 espresso, 4/6 steamed milk, 1/6 foamed milk . The term is a shortened version for either caffè latte, caffelatte or caffellatte.

It’s mostly a milk-based drink and its name translates to “milk coffee”. It contains only a small amount of coffee.

To make a latte, you will be using steamed milk to pour on top of an espresso and is basically just espresso with milk. It’s creamy taste balances out espresso’s bitterness.

Difference from cappuccino is that it is not as frothy. When making a latte, people usually start with twice as much milk as espresso.

Cappuccino

A cappuccino is 1/3 espresso, 1/3 steamed milk, 1/3 foamed milk. It is an Italian coffee drink that is tusually prepared with double espresso, hot milk, and steamed milk foam.

You can usually distinguish it because of its foamy surface and texture. It’s the result of the steam coming out of a lever on the espresso machine.

This coffee is usually compared to lattes. However, unlike the latte, this coffee has a 1:1:1 ratio when it comes to its ingredients.

To make one, start with equal parts espresso and milk. Your milk will be frothed that is roughly double the original volume of the milk. The microfoam is then poured over the espresso.

Espresso

Espresso is known for its strong, finely ground dark coffee. It is usually served in smaller portions, generally in one or 2-ounce cups because of its strong taste.

To make one, coffee grounds are compressed into a dense “puck” of coffee, and hot water ts forced through the puck under high pressure. This will result in an extraction we call “espresso”, hence the name.

It takes 25 seconds but should not take more than 30 seconds. An espresso machine is used to maintain its temperature and controls the pressure and duration of the extraction.

Espresso is usually used as a base for other types of coffee. An example of this are lattes and cappuccinos, each one requiring different measurement of espresso.

Mocha

This consists of 2/5 espresso, 2/5 chocolate and 1/5 steamed milk. It’s a strong coffee that has hints of chocolate flavor.

It’s actually any type of espresso drink as long as there’s a shot of chocolate in it. Not to be confused with the Ethiopian coffee bean which are the Mocha beans.

There are two ways to make Mocha coffee. First, you can either pump in chocolate syrup in your espresso mixture.

Or you can add in hot chocolate mix in your cup. Either way of adding in chocolate is a good idea and will not have drastic differences in your coffee.

Conclusion

I hope this article was able to help you distinguish the differences between Latte vs Cappuccino vs Espresso vs Mocha. If it did, please do comment and share the article!

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